How to ssh without password using ssh-key-gen and ssh-copy-id
let say we want to go from server1 to server2
Server1 is current server and server2 is where we want to login
Create the ssh directory on both the servers if they are not already existing.
on current Server do mkdir ~/.ssh
On remote server do...
ssh root@server2_ip mkdir -p ~/.ssh
Now generate the ssh key using the following command, dont set any paraphrase...
ssh-keygen -t rsa
Upload generated public keys to ~/.ssh/ directory to server2 using scp command
scp -p ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub root@server2_ip:~/.ssh/
Now run the following command to authenticate
ssh root@server2_ip "chmod 700 .ssh; chmod 640 .ssh/authorized_keys"
Now try logging to server2_ip, you would not need a password.
Install Using ssh-copy-id
There is easier way to using ssh-copy-id...
Install the following utility
yum install ssh-copy-id
we will use the utility ssh-copy-id to authenticate
ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub root@server2_ip
Now try logging in, you would not need a password